12 Initiatives To Save Water

The importance of water in life is known to everyone and we all understand the need for its conservation. It is the need of the hour to stand together and join hands in its conservation. Along with simple habits of saving it, we can also opt for smarter solutions like rainwater harvesting, greywater management system and convert our homes into zero water buildings, which are environment-friendly and water efficient.

Some Temporary Solutions To Change Habits
Let us see what we can change in our habits to save it :

Check the leaks

Leaks in the toilets

Keep a check on the faulty leaks from flush, faucets and pipes. Imagine even if the leak is merely a drip, you can fill a bucket in three hours, eight buckets in a day and 240 buckets in a month.

Use it wisely

Use Water Wisely While brushing

Simply keep the tap off  while brushing or washing your face or hands. You can turn it on when the cleaning is done and you actually need to use the water.

Washing clothes
We can opt to wash a full load in washing machines rather than few clothes at a time. Even if you opt to wash clothes with your hands, hold water in the bucket and turn the tap off when the bucket is full.

Flush only what is meant to be there

Flushing

We usually treat the flush as a replacement of the trashcan. Insects, hair, papers are flushed in it off and on. This not only wastes water but can also choke the drain, which will make you incur extra time and cost in repair.

Reduce shower spanShower

Everyone loves to wash all the tiredness under the shower. A long shower with temperature controlled water is all that we need. You may choose to lower shower heads along with the time in the shower in a step towards reducing water wastage.

Outdoor wastage
The wastage should be controlled even outside the house. You may be guessing that there is no place where we are using water outside but rethink.

 Washing carWhile washing car

Prefer washing cars with a bucket rather than running splash. You may even use laundry water to wash your car.

Pavement wash:
A shining pavement at the entrance gives great impressions to the visitors, but you actually do not need to wash it regularly rather, try mopping the pavement and use laundry or mopping water for the same.

Check the sprinklers and pipes:

Keep a check on the sprinklers and pipes to avoid leak and sprinkler directions to ensure that it is watering the garden and not the road or pavement. Also do not use sprinklers working for long. This will damage the plants. Prefer using drip irrigation method.

Watering the plants:
Do not over water the plants. This will not only ruin them but also accounts for wastage. You can also recycle water from kitchens and laundry, rich in nutrients, for the garden.

Permanent Solution or Smarter Option Rainwater harvesting with
wastewater management:
There is another smart and permanent solution to rectify the problem of wastage due to our non-changeable habit. We can convert our homes into Zero Water Building (a building that doesn’t take any drop of water from municipal corporation neither discharge any), which simply closes the loop to save water completely.

For more details: www.sanicon.in

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3 ways you can reutilize grey water at home

Types Of Water

Types Of Water

Typically speaking, we can see three types of water at our places. Fresh water or tap water is good water that can be used for drinking. The fresh water when utilized can be categorized into two types. The used water after washing dishes, laundering, or bathing is called grey water. Any other water that is discharged from toilet wastes or kitchen is known as the black water. The grey water usually contains soap, oil, food particles, dirt, hair etc. but it can be reutilized after removal of the same. This has twofold benefits. First, it reduces the demand for fresh water required in a household for non-potable activities, and second, it minimizes the amount of wastewater entering the sewer, drains or septic systems.

Uses of grey water

This water can be used in many ways in homes or commercial building. Usually, commercial buildings may not generate grey water from the shower but sink water can be utilized further.

Indoor use:

 

Indoor Use Of Grey Water

Indoor Use Of Grey Water

It can be the best option for apartments or houses where the water consumption is high for non-potable activities. The water generated from the bathroom sink or the water wasted while warming the shower or bathing is not too dirty and can be reutilized. It can be collected in a bucket and can be used to flush the toilet instead of using the flush tank. A little change in the fittings of the bathrooms can help achieve the same and save the cumbersome activity of using the bucket. For example, the bathroom sink can be connected with the flush tank to collect the water in the flush tank every time the sink is used.

Laundry to landscape:

Grey water from laundry

Grey water from laundry

Another simpler way to reutilize it is using the laundry water to water the plants.  The water generated after laundry, provided you are not using chlorine, bleach or other harsh chemicals to wash clothes, can be collected in a bucket to replenish the water needs of the garden plants or even the plants on your balcony. The washing machine hose can be connected to a pipe that ends directly in the garden to send the laundry water to the garden every time the laundry is done. In case, you do not have gardens, the water can be collected to water the plants on the balcony or the terrace. If chemicals are used for washing, then this needs to be treated to remove the same so that it may not harm the plants.

Grey water generated from the bath tub:

Grey water from bathtub

Grey water from bathtub

Love taking a bath in the bathtub and ready to reuse the water, then that is the best place to start with. We usually need a good quantity of water for such activities which can be utilized further. This may require some changes in plumbing. The bath tub and the water drain that carries the shower water, are connected to the pipe that carries the water to the tank set up in the garden, to collect the water and reuse it to water the plants. Grey water stored in the tanks needs to be treated to remove the chemicals or soap from the water for further use.

These simple and smart methods of re-utilizing the water can help us combat water crisis in an economical manner.

For detail website: http://www.sanicon.in/

What is a Sustainable Green Building?

sustainable-green-building

Sustainable Green Building is a concept that has gained popularity at a global level in the past few years. This is due to the fact that for a green building, starting from its construction it is ensured that waste is minimised at every level. The materials used are not only of superior quality but also eco-friendly. According to the experts, this not only minimises our carbon footprint but also results in lower costs in the long run. Hence, we can say that a green building is constructed in such a way that they reduce their overall impact on natural environment and as a result on the human health by:

1. Using the energy, water and other resources judiciously and efficiently.
2. Protecting the environment and improving human health conditions.
3. Effectively minimizing the waste production, pollution and environment deterioration. 4. Using natural resources like natural light wherever possible to effectively manage the use of energy.

In order to achieve the minimum energy consumption level, following features are incorporated in a green building which makes them earth friendly: 

1) The walls are designed to keep out the moisture and humidity in the outside air which makes the building naturally cooler. This reduces the use of air conditioners.

2) Low Solar Gain. Solar gain is the increase in temperature resulted from the solar radiation. With low solar gains, the building remains much cooler which again reduces the need for air-conditioners.

3) Using water efficient faucets ensures that less amount of water is utilised to perform the same function as compared to their traditional counterparts.

4) Rainwater Harvesting systems are installed to catch the natural rain water to  cater to the building’s water needs.

5) Wastewater treatment plants for minimising the waste water expulsion from the building and effective water management with water recycling.

6) Installing hydroponics system to increase the green belt while reusing the water through utilising treated greywater.

7) Creating waste management plants on the site such as compost pits to utilise the building’s biodegradable waste for fertilizers.

8) Installing clean energy sources such as solar panels, solar water heaters etc for electrification.

The green building concept has a vast benefit cover can be effectively employed for various sites, some of which are: 

1. Residential buildings
2. Office Complexes
3. Institutional buildings such as schools, colleges etc
4. Retail buildings
5. Hotels
6. Hospitals
7. Government Buildings

The concept of green building, however new, aims at using natural building materials during  not only construction, but also adopts other methods, such as rainwater harvesting for its water needs, solar energy for the electrification, waste management, etc. Hence making the making green building self sufficient when it comes to the energy requirement. The efficient usage of natural resources and their further recycling, ensures sustainability in the long run.

How is Water Recycling an answer to our water crisis?

how-is-water-recycling-an-answer-to-our-water-crisis

Today water recycling is considered the key to our water crisis. With great breakthroughs in all the areas of science, we have come to a conclusion that only self sustaining and holistic solutions are the way to go forward for a secure future. One of the areas that has been focused globally over the past few years is Water Management which stresses on Waste Water Treatment and Water Recycling. Water Management is essential for our survival as we have a limited supply of potable water on the planet and with deforestation, the rate of replenishment of this resource has deteriorated disastrously over the past decades. Everywhere around the world, waste water treatment for water recycling is stressed upon each day. This not only eases efficient water management but also provides a way for decentralization of the resource. Decentralization is essential for sustainability as it distributes the resource and its management along with its total stock amongst the community. This results in equal and viable distribution all over the community making them self reliant and helps in managing the resource at the community’s level. This paves a way for sustainability. When we talk about water recycling and waste water management, even that can and should be carried out at every level by the community. Over the years technology has had various developments to effectively implement Water Recycling by using Waste Water Treatment or Sewage Treatment Plants.

Earlier these plants were limited to industrial applications, however they have gained popularity amongst the public to be used in residential complexes for water recycling and have various benefits such as:

  • 1) Since the treated water can be used for purposes which do not require potable water, such as irrigation, landscaping, washing etc, Waste water treatment plants help in managing the water supply.
  • With reuse of water, the water consumption can be decreased which results in reducing the water costs.
  • Treated Grey water is full of nutrients and hence very much beneficial to the vegetation and environment.
  • With water recycling we are essentially reducing our carbon footprint and giving back to the nature and our ecosystem.

Although most of the Waste Water Treatment Plants have been developed to treat waste water into reusable grey water, with time many projects have come up that use water recycling indirectly for potable purposes. These plants consist of recharging groundwater aquifers and augmenting surface water reservoirs with recycled water.These are often called Groundwater recharge projects. In such projects recycled water is injected or spread into the groundwater  aquifers to augment groundwater supplies.

Water Recycling Process

Water Recycling Process uses physical, biological and chemical principles to decontaminate water and make it fit for reuse. It consists of three levels of treatments: Primary Treatment, Secondary Treatment and Tertiary Treatment.

recycling_process

Primary Treatment

Simple mechanical and physical processes are implemented in Primary treatment which removes approximately half of the contaminants from wastewater.

Bar screens: At the beginning of the water recycling process, the raw sewage is passed through a system of mechanical bar screens which removes large solids such as sticks, rags, and plastic material from the wastewater stream.  A horizontal rake on a toothed gear drive removes the captured material out of the chamber for removal to a sanitary landfill.

Grit chamber: The wastewater flows through an aerated grit chamber and where the stream is saturated with very fine air bubbles which encourage settling of the fine grit particles.

Primary clarification: At this point the flow velocity of the wastewater is slowed to encourage solids settling. Biosolids are digested and used for purposes like conditioning the soil or composting.

Secondary Treatment

Biological processes are used in the Secondary treatment which removes most of the remaining contaminants.

Aeration Basins: Oxygen is mixed into the water as it flows through an aeration basin. Here, bacterial microorganisms remove the organic material and convert non-settleable solids to settleable solids which are later captured in final clarifiers.

Final Clarifiers: Most of the solid materials gets thickened and settles out into the final clarifiers but some are returned to the aeration tank to reintroduce incoming water with microorganisms.

Tertiary Treatment

Tertiary Treatment is the additional purification or advanced treatment of the water. Once the water reaches this level, water is passed through sand before undergoing chemical disinfection in chlorine contact chambers, which kills any remaining microorganisms and the chlorine is removed using sulfur dioxide. Today we are standing at the crossroads of our future. With water recycling, we can reuse the water supply and manage our water resources effectively. How we handle the crisis today, will determine what our future generations will have to face in order to survive.

Why maintaining Sewage Treatment Plants in condominium is difficult?

Maintaining Sewage Treatment Plants In Condominium

Sewage Treatment Plants seem like the answer to many water related concerns today. They help us re-utilise and manage water supply efficiently. But this system also comes with its own set of challenges. Most of these challenges are faced after installation of these plants. Some of these challenges are:

1. Power Consumption

The greatest expense while running a Sewage Treatment Plant is the power consumption. It requires more and more power with increasing sewage volume. Also, to keep the process going and maintain the plant properly, there must be a constant supply of power. This makes it difficult for the condominium to manage. To ease the burden of this high consumption, solar panels can be installed along with the Sewage Treatment Plant so that it has its own power or less power consuming technologies can be used in the plant for various processes such as  membrane technology for the aeration process.

2. Staff

The staff required to effectively manage and maintain a Sewage Treatment Plant must be properly trained and certified for the same. They need to be on board 24/7 for the maintenance of the plant. This again becomes difficult as there are not much resources equipped with such certification and trainings. To overcome this issue, automation processes can be used in the treatment plant which cut down almost 30% of the running costs in long run but they too need operational supervision to run smoothly.

3. Sludge

Sludge is a thick viscous, mud like material produced during sewage treatment. Sludge may contain the toxic waste from the sewage treatment plant, and can be hazardous if not treated properly. Hence it becomes a delicate environmental challenge for wastewater treatment to safely dispose of excess sludge produced. The recycling of sludge which contains many useful organic matter and nutrients in agricultural applications is considered as the best solution.

4. Secondary Costs

Activated sludge treatment comes with its own various challenges, one of the major challenge being the resources required. Plants that treat activated sludge are not only costly to build but also costly to maintain. Primary and Secondary processes of sludge treatment requires vast tracts of land for large and costly settling tanks and aeration basins. To solve this issue, Advanced technologies using smaller process basins by increasing the amount of biomass per unit volume can be used.

These are just a few challenges in maintaining Sewage Treatment Plants. For any queries about STPs and how to manage them effectively, contact us on +(91)-8130999055 /+(91)-9810858062 or visit our website http://www.sanicon.in/

Delhi: NGT seeks report on rain water harvesting in govt buildings.

Delhi NGT seeks report on rain water harvesting in govt buildings

The National Green Tribunal has directed the Delhi government and other agencies to prepare a comprehensive report on whether government buildings, bridges and flyovers have installed rain water harvesting systems and if they are functional.

Credits:http://indianexpress.com/article/india/india-news-india/ngt-seeks-report-on-rain-water-harvesting-in-govt-buildings-2980961/

Tips to make a house a green home

Tips to make a house a green home

The concept of green homes, not only aims at using natural building materials during construction, but also adopts other methods, such as solar energy for electrification, rainwater harvesting, waste management, etc. Thus, the usage of natural resources and further recycling of the same, ensures sustainability in the long term.

Credits: http://www.moneycontrol.com/news/real-estate/tips-to-makehousegreen-home_7080981.html