12 Initiatives To Save Water

The importance of water in life is known to everyone and we all understand the need for its conservation. It is the need of the hour to stand together and join hands in its conservation. Along with simple habits of saving it, we can also opt for smarter solutions like rainwater harvesting, greywater management system and convert our homes into zero water buildings, which are environment-friendly and water efficient.

Some Temporary Solutions To Change Habits
Let us see what we can change in our habits to save it :

Check the leaks

Leaks in the toilets

Keep a check on the faulty leaks from flush, faucets and pipes. Imagine even if the leak is merely a drip, you can fill a bucket in three hours, eight buckets in a day and 240 buckets in a month.

Use it wisely

Use Water Wisely While brushing

Simply keep the tap off  while brushing or washing your face or hands. You can turn it on when the cleaning is done and you actually need to use the water.

Washing clothes
We can opt to wash a full load in washing machines rather than few clothes at a time. Even if you opt to wash clothes with your hands, hold water in the bucket and turn the tap off when the bucket is full.

Flush only what is meant to be there

Flushing

We usually treat the flush as a replacement of the trashcan. Insects, hair, papers are flushed in it off and on. This not only wastes water but can also choke the drain, which will make you incur extra time and cost in repair.

Reduce shower spanShower

Everyone loves to wash all the tiredness under the shower. A long shower with temperature controlled water is all that we need. You may choose to lower shower heads along with the time in the shower in a step towards reducing water wastage.

Outdoor wastage
The wastage should be controlled even outside the house. You may be guessing that there is no place where we are using water outside but rethink.

 Washing carWhile washing car

Prefer washing cars with a bucket rather than running splash. You may even use laundry water to wash your car.

Pavement wash:
A shining pavement at the entrance gives great impressions to the visitors, but you actually do not need to wash it regularly rather, try mopping the pavement and use laundry or mopping water for the same.

Check the sprinklers and pipes:

Keep a check on the sprinklers and pipes to avoid leak and sprinkler directions to ensure that it is watering the garden and not the road or pavement. Also do not use sprinklers working for long. This will damage the plants. Prefer using drip irrigation method.

Watering the plants:
Do not over water the plants. This will not only ruin them but also accounts for wastage. You can also recycle water from kitchens and laundry, rich in nutrients, for the garden.

Permanent Solution or Smarter Option Rainwater harvesting with
wastewater management:
There is another smart and permanent solution to rectify the problem of wastage due to our non-changeable habit. We can convert our homes into Zero Water Building (a building that doesn’t take any drop of water from municipal corporation neither discharge any), which simply closes the loop to save water completely.

For more details: www.sanicon.in

Facing low water pressure issue?

Facing low water pressure issue (1)

Plumbing is an integral part of any building, may it be residential or commercial. Due to regular use, we often face issues with the system. Most common of them are the leaks and foul smell. Other plumbing issue that most of us face in our day to day life is of low water pressure. This is equally frustrating but can be identified and resolved. Let us see what the probable causes of low water pressure are.

Identifying low water pressure

Determine if all locations within your home or office have low water pressure. Check all the faucets at your home or office to see if all of them have the same issue or there is an issue with the single faucet that you have recently discovered.

Check the faucet if you only have low water pressure in a particular location

Check the faucet if you only have low water pressure in a particular location

If your faucet is for both hot and cold water, then check by opening cold and hot water only simultaneously on 100 % position. If there is pressure issue with hot water only, then you probably need to check your hot water system or otherwise.

Causes of low water pressure

Once you have found out which faucet is facing the issue, the next step is to find out the cause of the issue.

Verify the water meter Verify the water meter

Verify the water meter

Check the meter. Usually, after repair activity, people forget to open it back or may not have opened it properly, due to which the water pressure is low.

Ensure proper working of stop valve

Check if these valves are working fine and are open completely.

Check the Pressure Regulator

At times, the pressure regulator is not working in proper condition, then there maybe a change in the water pressure and may impact all the fixtures.

Check for the leaks

Check for the leaks

You need to check if there is any leak in the fittings. Check near the P-traps, under the sink, toilet seats, in the basement of the house or any probably seepage on the walls. If there is a leakage, then you need to get it fixed to solve the low water pressure problem.

Recent maintenance works:

If there had been some recent maintenance work done in the house, may it be related to the plumbing of some other which may impact the plumbing of the house, probably this can be one of the causes of low water pressure.

High usability timing:

If you face an issue of low water pressure at the certain point of the day, say at the time when nearly all the faucets and showers are in use, then maybe the tank is shared amongst all the fittings and water is distributed in all the taps.

Size of the pipe:

The diameter of the supply pipe may also be the issue of low water pressure. You need to check if the supply pipe has sufficient width depending upon the water supply and demand.

Choking in the supply pipe:

Choking in the supply pipe

There may be the possibility of mineral deposit or clogging due to debris in the pipeline, which is causing the issue. The simple cleaning of the pipe will solve the issue; this happens usually in the case of hot water lines as due to higher temperature calcification of lines is much more than cold water line with similar quality water.

Tenure of the pipe:

In the case of the longer life of the pipes, they may corrode due to natural wear and tear and gets rusted. This may lead to either leakage or clogging in the pipelines, which hampers the proper water flow.

Height of the tank:

Height of the tank

If the tanks are placed on a height, then there may be a possibility that the water has to travel a long way that reduce the pressure at which it is intended to flow.

Check with your neighbours:

If nothing is of concern at your house, then probably this is the external issue. Check in your locality that whether everyone is facing the same issue. May be some maintenance work is carried out by the corporation due to which the supply of water is limited.
Once you have identified the probable cause of the issue, then you need to get to the cause to resolve the same. Probably you need to get in touch with a professional plumbing repair service providers, if any repair or maintenance is needed.

3 ways you can reutilize grey water at home

Types Of Water

Types Of Water

Typically speaking, we can see three types of water at our places. Fresh water or tap water is good water that can be used for drinking. The fresh water when utilized can be categorized into two types. The used water after washing dishes, laundering, or bathing is called grey water. Any other water that is discharged from toilet wastes or kitchen is known as the black water. The grey water usually contains soap, oil, food particles, dirt, hair etc. but it can be reutilized after removal of the same. This has twofold benefits. First, it reduces the demand for fresh water required in a household for non-potable activities, and second, it minimizes the amount of wastewater entering the sewer, drains or septic systems.

Uses of grey water

This water can be used in many ways in homes or commercial building. Usually, commercial buildings may not generate grey water from the shower but sink water can be utilized further.

Indoor use:

 

Indoor Use Of Grey Water

Indoor Use Of Grey Water

It can be the best option for apartments or houses where the water consumption is high for non-potable activities. The water generated from the bathroom sink or the water wasted while warming the shower or bathing is not too dirty and can be reutilized. It can be collected in a bucket and can be used to flush the toilet instead of using the flush tank. A little change in the fittings of the bathrooms can help achieve the same and save the cumbersome activity of using the bucket. For example, the bathroom sink can be connected with the flush tank to collect the water in the flush tank every time the sink is used.

Laundry to landscape:

Grey water from laundry

Grey water from laundry

Another simpler way to reutilize it is using the laundry water to water the plants.  The water generated after laundry, provided you are not using chlorine, bleach or other harsh chemicals to wash clothes, can be collected in a bucket to replenish the water needs of the garden plants or even the plants on your balcony. The washing machine hose can be connected to a pipe that ends directly in the garden to send the laundry water to the garden every time the laundry is done. In case, you do not have gardens, the water can be collected to water the plants on the balcony or the terrace. If chemicals are used for washing, then this needs to be treated to remove the same so that it may not harm the plants.

Grey water generated from the bath tub:

Grey water from bathtub

Grey water from bathtub

Love taking a bath in the bathtub and ready to reuse the water, then that is the best place to start with. We usually need a good quantity of water for such activities which can be utilized further. This may require some changes in plumbing. The bath tub and the water drain that carries the shower water, are connected to the pipe that carries the water to the tank set up in the garden, to collect the water and reuse it to water the plants. Grey water stored in the tanks needs to be treated to remove the chemicals or soap from the water for further use.

These simple and smart methods of re-utilizing the water can help us combat water crisis in an economical manner.

For detail website: http://www.sanicon.in/

How is Water Recycling an answer to our water crisis?

how-is-water-recycling-an-answer-to-our-water-crisis

Today water recycling is considered the key to our water crisis. With great breakthroughs in all the areas of science, we have come to a conclusion that only self sustaining and holistic solutions are the way to go forward for a secure future. One of the areas that has been focused globally over the past few years is Water Management which stresses on Waste Water Treatment and Water Recycling. Water Management is essential for our survival as we have a limited supply of potable water on the planet and with deforestation, the rate of replenishment of this resource has deteriorated disastrously over the past decades. Everywhere around the world, waste water treatment for water recycling is stressed upon each day. This not only eases efficient water management but also provides a way for decentralization of the resource. Decentralization is essential for sustainability as it distributes the resource and its management along with its total stock amongst the community. This results in equal and viable distribution all over the community making them self reliant and helps in managing the resource at the community’s level. This paves a way for sustainability. When we talk about water recycling and waste water management, even that can and should be carried out at every level by the community. Over the years technology has had various developments to effectively implement Water Recycling by using Waste Water Treatment or Sewage Treatment Plants.

Earlier these plants were limited to industrial applications, however they have gained popularity amongst the public to be used in residential complexes for water recycling and have various benefits such as:

  • 1) Since the treated water can be used for purposes which do not require potable water, such as irrigation, landscaping, washing etc, Waste water treatment plants help in managing the water supply.
  • With reuse of water, the water consumption can be decreased which results in reducing the water costs.
  • Treated Grey water is full of nutrients and hence very much beneficial to the vegetation and environment.
  • With water recycling we are essentially reducing our carbon footprint and giving back to the nature and our ecosystem.

Although most of the Waste Water Treatment Plants have been developed to treat waste water into reusable grey water, with time many projects have come up that use water recycling indirectly for potable purposes. These plants consist of recharging groundwater aquifers and augmenting surface water reservoirs with recycled water.These are often called Groundwater recharge projects. In such projects recycled water is injected or spread into the groundwater  aquifers to augment groundwater supplies.

Water Recycling Process

Water Recycling Process uses physical, biological and chemical principles to decontaminate water and make it fit for reuse. It consists of three levels of treatments: Primary Treatment, Secondary Treatment and Tertiary Treatment.

recycling_process

Primary Treatment

Simple mechanical and physical processes are implemented in Primary treatment which removes approximately half of the contaminants from wastewater.

Bar screens: At the beginning of the water recycling process, the raw sewage is passed through a system of mechanical bar screens which removes large solids such as sticks, rags, and plastic material from the wastewater stream.  A horizontal rake on a toothed gear drive removes the captured material out of the chamber for removal to a sanitary landfill.

Grit chamber: The wastewater flows through an aerated grit chamber and where the stream is saturated with very fine air bubbles which encourage settling of the fine grit particles.

Primary clarification: At this point the flow velocity of the wastewater is slowed to encourage solids settling. Biosolids are digested and used for purposes like conditioning the soil or composting.

Secondary Treatment

Biological processes are used in the Secondary treatment which removes most of the remaining contaminants.

Aeration Basins: Oxygen is mixed into the water as it flows through an aeration basin. Here, bacterial microorganisms remove the organic material and convert non-settleable solids to settleable solids which are later captured in final clarifiers.

Final Clarifiers: Most of the solid materials gets thickened and settles out into the final clarifiers but some are returned to the aeration tank to reintroduce incoming water with microorganisms.

Tertiary Treatment

Tertiary Treatment is the additional purification or advanced treatment of the water. Once the water reaches this level, water is passed through sand before undergoing chemical disinfection in chlorine contact chambers, which kills any remaining microorganisms and the chlorine is removed using sulfur dioxide. Today we are standing at the crossroads of our future. With water recycling, we can reuse the water supply and manage our water resources effectively. How we handle the crisis today, will determine what our future generations will have to face in order to survive.

Knorr Campaign Asks Consumers to ‘Eat’ Less Water

Knorr Campaign Asks Consumers to eat Less Water

Knorr claims that addressing water waste is therefore “more important than ever,” and launched its new campaign during World Water Week in partnership with the Water Footprint Network (WFN).

Credits:www.sustainablebrands.com/news_and_views/behavior_change/hannah_ furlong/knorr_campaign_asks_consumers_eat_less_water

Why maintaining Sewage Treatment Plants in condominium is difficult?

Maintaining Sewage Treatment Plants In Condominium

Sewage Treatment Plants seem like the answer to many water related concerns today. They help us re-utilise and manage water supply efficiently. But this system also comes with its own set of challenges. Most of these challenges are faced after installation of these plants. Some of these challenges are:

1. Power Consumption

The greatest expense while running a Sewage Treatment Plant is the power consumption. It requires more and more power with increasing sewage volume. Also, to keep the process going and maintain the plant properly, there must be a constant supply of power. This makes it difficult for the condominium to manage. To ease the burden of this high consumption, solar panels can be installed along with the Sewage Treatment Plant so that it has its own power or less power consuming technologies can be used in the plant for various processes such as  membrane technology for the aeration process.

2. Staff

The staff required to effectively manage and maintain a Sewage Treatment Plant must be properly trained and certified for the same. They need to be on board 24/7 for the maintenance of the plant. This again becomes difficult as there are not much resources equipped with such certification and trainings. To overcome this issue, automation processes can be used in the treatment plant which cut down almost 30% of the running costs in long run but they too need operational supervision to run smoothly.

3. Sludge

Sludge is a thick viscous, mud like material produced during sewage treatment. Sludge may contain the toxic waste from the sewage treatment plant, and can be hazardous if not treated properly. Hence it becomes a delicate environmental challenge for wastewater treatment to safely dispose of excess sludge produced. The recycling of sludge which contains many useful organic matter and nutrients in agricultural applications is considered as the best solution.

4. Secondary Costs

Activated sludge treatment comes with its own various challenges, one of the major challenge being the resources required. Plants that treat activated sludge are not only costly to build but also costly to maintain. Primary and Secondary processes of sludge treatment requires vast tracts of land for large and costly settling tanks and aeration basins. To solve this issue, Advanced technologies using smaller process basins by increasing the amount of biomass per unit volume can be used.

These are just a few challenges in maintaining Sewage Treatment Plants. For any queries about STPs and how to manage them effectively, contact us on +(91)-8130999055 /+(91)-9810858062 or visit our website http://www.sanicon.in/

Rainwater harvesting made mandatory in rural areas too.

Rainwater harvesting made mandatory in rural areas too

Rainwater harvesting mandatory for all commercial/residential buildings above 2,000 sq ft area. The zilla panchayat building at Kottara has such a system, which can collect about 1.30 lakh litres of rainwater during monsoon.

Credits:http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/mangaluru/Rainwater-harvesting-made-mandatory-in-rural-areas-too/articleshow/53632276.cms