Why Slab Leaks Are Dangerous

slab leaks why we need to bother for it

A minor space in the direction of the water flow leads to its seepage or leaks. Most of the time, these leaks go unnoticed until a major destruction happens. In this post, Saksham Plumbing, specialists in turnkey plumbing solutions, will discuss about the most common and most unnoticed water leak location: slabs

What do you mean by slab?

What do you mean by slab

Here, slab doesn’t mean a kitchen slab. It is the base of the ground where the whole house is erected. This slab is not placed underground, but on the ground level. It can easily be seen if you have a basement or underground parking. If the water starts to seep through the ground unnoticed, this may lead to major distraction on the building.

How to identify slab leaks
Hot or cold spots: Due to water movement under the ground you may notice a hot or cold spot on the ground floor. This may be due to slab leaks.

Sound of running water:The sound of running water under the ground or small leaks are signs to watch for to check slab leaks. If you notice any catch, call the plumber immediately to prevent any unrecoverable damage from happening.

Effects of Leaks

Effects of LeaksWater seepage or leaks under the slab area causes the soil to loosen its hold and a continuous leak may lead to complete displacement of the soil, which means the slab will expand both horizontally and vertically. Initially, this displacement is horizontal and thus goes unnoticed, but if this movement bursts vertically, it starts to take a different turn.

As the water seeps through the soil and makes it move upwards the soil bulges up thus disturbing the level of the foundation. As the foundation becomes unbalanced, the impact moves towards the walls by rising the wall from one side. This rise leads to the pressure on the walls leading to cracks in the same. When the foundation moves further, the cracks gets longer and wider. This can be identified if there are cracks in the ceramic tile. Keep a watch, there may be a leak within.

Causes

There can be many reasons for slab leaks.

The most common is weather. Due to water movement under the ground you may notice a hot or cold spot on the ground floor. This may be due to slab leaks.

Old pipe fittings:The old and rusted pipe fitting under the ground can also be the reason for slab bulges and leaks.

Improper construction: mproper construction: Improper construction or poor fittings may also lead to these slab leaks and cracks.

It is very crucial to keep a check on the plumbing issues that may come up in our building or homes. May it be a minor change, leak, sound or smell, it has to be dealt with seriously and urgently before it takes on the form of a disaster. At the initial stage, the repair may cost pennies but at disaster stage, it can cost fortunes and may burden to the pockets. The rule of thumb we can follow here is – “the earlier, the better”

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12 Initiatives To Save Water

The importance of water in life is known to everyone and we all understand the need for its conservation. It is the need of the hour to stand together and join hands in its conservation. Along with simple habits of saving it, we can also opt for smarter solutions like rainwater harvesting, greywater management system and convert our homes into zero water buildings, which are environment-friendly and water efficient.

Some Temporary Solutions To Change Habits
Let us see what we can change in our habits to save it :

Check the leaks

Leaks in the toilets

Keep a check on the faulty leaks from flush, faucets and pipes. Imagine even if the leak is merely a drip, you can fill a bucket in three hours, eight buckets in a day and 240 buckets in a month.

Use it wisely

Use Water Wisely While brushing

Simply keep the tap off  while brushing or washing your face or hands. You can turn it on when the cleaning is done and you actually need to use the water.

Washing clothes
We can opt to wash a full load in washing machines rather than few clothes at a time. Even if you opt to wash clothes with your hands, hold water in the bucket and turn the tap off when the bucket is full.

Flush only what is meant to be there

Flushing

We usually treat the flush as a replacement of the trashcan. Insects, hair, papers are flushed in it off and on. This not only wastes water but can also choke the drain, which will make you incur extra time and cost in repair.

Reduce shower spanShower

Everyone loves to wash all the tiredness under the shower. A long shower with temperature controlled water is all that we need. You may choose to lower shower heads along with the time in the shower in a step towards reducing water wastage.

Outdoor wastage
The wastage should be controlled even outside the house. You may be guessing that there is no place where we are using water outside but rethink.

 Washing carWhile washing car

Prefer washing cars with a bucket rather than running splash. You may even use laundry water to wash your car.

Pavement wash:
A shining pavement at the entrance gives great impressions to the visitors, but you actually do not need to wash it regularly rather, try mopping the pavement and use laundry or mopping water for the same.

Check the sprinklers and pipes:

Keep a check on the sprinklers and pipes to avoid leak and sprinkler directions to ensure that it is watering the garden and not the road or pavement. Also do not use sprinklers working for long. This will damage the plants. Prefer using drip irrigation method.

Watering the plants:
Do not over water the plants. This will not only ruin them but also accounts for wastage. You can also recycle water from kitchens and laundry, rich in nutrients, for the garden.

Permanent Solution or Smarter Option Rainwater harvesting with
wastewater management:
There is another smart and permanent solution to rectify the problem of wastage due to our non-changeable habit. We can convert our homes into Zero Water Building (a building that doesn’t take any drop of water from municipal corporation neither discharge any), which simply closes the loop to save water completely.

For more details: www.sanicon.in

Why Greywater Management System Is Needed

Water is the primary need of any living creature on the planet. With the growing population and urbanization, the availability of the consumable water is diminishing. The growth of the economy or the population cannot be controlled. But with change in sensitivity towards the consumption of water, we can meet the present demands and optimum use of the same can help to save our future generations.

The quality and the quantity of the available water is depleting due to population and pollution which is driving the governments to set the laws for conservation of the water resources and greywater management system is one of the significant methods to achieve the same.

is-greywater-management-needed.jpg

Greywater is the reclaimed water that has been used once in domestic, commercial or industrial activities and can be reutilized after treating up to standard limits for certain tasks.

This greywater can be treated through various technologies depending on the nature of reuse for further applications like car washing, irrigation, toilet flushing or street cleaning.

The current Indian scenario

The current Indian scenario

Water is becoming a rare resource in the world. In India, it has been projected by International water management institute that by 2025, one third of the population will live in complete water scarcity.

With the rapid increase in the population and demand for fresh water the available resources are depleting day by day. The per capita surface water, which was available at 2300 m3 (6.3 m3/day) in 1991 has depleted to 1980 m3 (5.7 m3/day) in 2001 and is projected to deplete to 1191 m3 by 2050. And the water requirement is projected to 1450 Km3 in 2050 as compared to 1086 Km3 presently. Hence, it is very crucial to reduce the use of surface and groundwater in all sectors, find alternatives to fresh water reuse option for optimization of the available water. The alternatives include rainwater harvesting and greywater management system and reutilization for meeting the projected deficit.

GREYWATER

The wastewater is generated from various activities like washing, laundry, bathing, mopping, flushing, cooking, etc. This water is categorized into three types depending upon the level of contaminants present in the source. They are black water, dark grey water and light grey water. Black water is generated from the flush and are high in disease causing microorganisms. Dark grey water is the water  that originates from the kitchen sink, which also contains disease causing germs and organic contaminant from food waste and grease or oils. Light-greywater is originated from bathroom sink, tubs, showers and laundry. This water also contains disease causing microorganisms but in lower number as compared to the other two types. The level of organic contaminants is also less in this type of water. The figure shows how much water is discharged as wastewater in regular household activities.

Benefits of greywater reuse

  • The first and the foremost reason of greywater management and reuse is to replace or conserve the freshwater for other potable uses.
  • The greywater is rich in nutrients like phosphorus and nitrogen that are present in detergents, which are good for the plants. The water generated from laundry if used appropriately can help in good vegetation and plant growth.
  • Reduces the cost incurred in sewage treatment. Greywater when treated and used within the area minimises the wastage through sewer lines and cost incurred in its treatment at sewer cleaning facilities.
  • Usually the reutilization of the greywater require no or minimal treatment before use.
  • Greywater can help to supply most of the water needs for irrigation purposes.

These various methods can be used to treat the same from low level of complexities for basic uses like gardening or flushing to high level of treatments to remove sediments, oil and grease, chemicals, odour and other impurities depending upon the nature of reuse.

Facing low water pressure issue?

Facing low water pressure issue (1)

Plumbing is an integral part of any building, may it be residential or commercial. Due to regular use, we often face issues with the system. Most common of them are the leaks and foul smell. Other plumbing issue that most of us face in our day to day life is of low water pressure. This is equally frustrating but can be identified and resolved. Let us see what the probable causes of low water pressure are.

Identifying low water pressure

Determine if all locations within your home or office have low water pressure. Check all the faucets at your home or office to see if all of them have the same issue or there is an issue with the single faucet that you have recently discovered.

Check the faucet if you only have low water pressure in a particular location

Check the faucet if you only have low water pressure in a particular location

If your faucet is for both hot and cold water, then check by opening cold and hot water only simultaneously on 100 % position. If there is pressure issue with hot water only, then you probably need to check your hot water system or otherwise.

Causes of low water pressure

Once you have found out which faucet is facing the issue, the next step is to find out the cause of the issue.

Verify the water meter Verify the water meter

Verify the water meter

Check the meter. Usually, after repair activity, people forget to open it back or may not have opened it properly, due to which the water pressure is low.

Ensure proper working of stop valve

Check if these valves are working fine and are open completely.

Check the Pressure Regulator

At times, the pressure regulator is not working in proper condition, then there maybe a change in the water pressure and may impact all the fixtures.

Check for the leaks

Check for the leaks

You need to check if there is any leak in the fittings. Check near the P-traps, under the sink, toilet seats, in the basement of the house or any probably seepage on the walls. If there is a leakage, then you need to get it fixed to solve the low water pressure problem.

Recent maintenance works:

If there had been some recent maintenance work done in the house, may it be related to the plumbing of some other which may impact the plumbing of the house, probably this can be one of the causes of low water pressure.

High usability timing:

If you face an issue of low water pressure at the certain point of the day, say at the time when nearly all the faucets and showers are in use, then maybe the tank is shared amongst all the fittings and water is distributed in all the taps.

Size of the pipe:

The diameter of the supply pipe may also be the issue of low water pressure. You need to check if the supply pipe has sufficient width depending upon the water supply and demand.

Choking in the supply pipe:

Choking in the supply pipe

There may be the possibility of mineral deposit or clogging due to debris in the pipeline, which is causing the issue. The simple cleaning of the pipe will solve the issue; this happens usually in the case of hot water lines as due to higher temperature calcification of lines is much more than cold water line with similar quality water.

Tenure of the pipe:

In the case of the longer life of the pipes, they may corrode due to natural wear and tear and gets rusted. This may lead to either leakage or clogging in the pipelines, which hampers the proper water flow.

Height of the tank:

Height of the tank

If the tanks are placed on a height, then there may be a possibility that the water has to travel a long way that reduce the pressure at which it is intended to flow.

Check with your neighbours:

If nothing is of concern at your house, then probably this is the external issue. Check in your locality that whether everyone is facing the same issue. May be some maintenance work is carried out by the corporation due to which the supply of water is limited.
Once you have identified the probable cause of the issue, then you need to get to the cause to resolve the same. Probably you need to get in touch with a professional plumbing repair service providers, if any repair or maintenance is needed.

3 ways you can reutilize grey water at home

Types Of Water

Types Of Water

Typically speaking, we can see three types of water at our places. Fresh water or tap water is good water that can be used for drinking. The fresh water when utilized can be categorized into two types. The used water after washing dishes, laundering, or bathing is called grey water. Any other water that is discharged from toilet wastes or kitchen is known as the black water. The grey water usually contains soap, oil, food particles, dirt, hair etc. but it can be reutilized after removal of the same. This has twofold benefits. First, it reduces the demand for fresh water required in a household for non-potable activities, and second, it minimizes the amount of wastewater entering the sewer, drains or septic systems.

Uses of grey water

This water can be used in many ways in homes or commercial building. Usually, commercial buildings may not generate grey water from the shower but sink water can be utilized further.

Indoor use:

 

Indoor Use Of Grey Water

Indoor Use Of Grey Water

It can be the best option for apartments or houses where the water consumption is high for non-potable activities. The water generated from the bathroom sink or the water wasted while warming the shower or bathing is not too dirty and can be reutilized. It can be collected in a bucket and can be used to flush the toilet instead of using the flush tank. A little change in the fittings of the bathrooms can help achieve the same and save the cumbersome activity of using the bucket. For example, the bathroom sink can be connected with the flush tank to collect the water in the flush tank every time the sink is used.

Laundry to landscape:

Grey water from laundry

Grey water from laundry

Another simpler way to reutilize it is using the laundry water to water the plants.  The water generated after laundry, provided you are not using chlorine, bleach or other harsh chemicals to wash clothes, can be collected in a bucket to replenish the water needs of the garden plants or even the plants on your balcony. The washing machine hose can be connected to a pipe that ends directly in the garden to send the laundry water to the garden every time the laundry is done. In case, you do not have gardens, the water can be collected to water the plants on the balcony or the terrace. If chemicals are used for washing, then this needs to be treated to remove the same so that it may not harm the plants.

Grey water generated from the bath tub:

Grey water from bathtub

Grey water from bathtub

Love taking a bath in the bathtub and ready to reuse the water, then that is the best place to start with. We usually need a good quantity of water for such activities which can be utilized further. This may require some changes in plumbing. The bath tub and the water drain that carries the shower water, are connected to the pipe that carries the water to the tank set up in the garden, to collect the water and reuse it to water the plants. Grey water stored in the tanks needs to be treated to remove the chemicals or soap from the water for further use.

These simple and smart methods of re-utilizing the water can help us combat water crisis in an economical manner.

For detail website: http://www.sanicon.in/

Knorr Campaign Asks Consumers to ‘Eat’ Less Water

Knorr Campaign Asks Consumers to eat Less Water

Knorr claims that addressing water waste is therefore “more important than ever,” and launched its new campaign during World Water Week in partnership with the Water Footprint Network (WFN).

Credits:www.sustainablebrands.com/news_and_views/behavior_change/hannah_ furlong/knorr_campaign_asks_consumers_eat_less_water

Why maintaining Sewage Treatment Plants in condominium is difficult?

Maintaining Sewage Treatment Plants In Condominium

Sewage Treatment Plants seem like the answer to many water related concerns today. They help us re-utilise and manage water supply efficiently. But this system also comes with its own set of challenges. Most of these challenges are faced after installation of these plants. Some of these challenges are:

1. Power Consumption

The greatest expense while running a Sewage Treatment Plant is the power consumption. It requires more and more power with increasing sewage volume. Also, to keep the process going and maintain the plant properly, there must be a constant supply of power. This makes it difficult for the condominium to manage. To ease the burden of this high consumption, solar panels can be installed along with the Sewage Treatment Plant so that it has its own power or less power consuming technologies can be used in the plant for various processes such as  membrane technology for the aeration process.

2. Staff

The staff required to effectively manage and maintain a Sewage Treatment Plant must be properly trained and certified for the same. They need to be on board 24/7 for the maintenance of the plant. This again becomes difficult as there are not much resources equipped with such certification and trainings. To overcome this issue, automation processes can be used in the treatment plant which cut down almost 30% of the running costs in long run but they too need operational supervision to run smoothly.

3. Sludge

Sludge is a thick viscous, mud like material produced during sewage treatment. Sludge may contain the toxic waste from the sewage treatment plant, and can be hazardous if not treated properly. Hence it becomes a delicate environmental challenge for wastewater treatment to safely dispose of excess sludge produced. The recycling of sludge which contains many useful organic matter and nutrients in agricultural applications is considered as the best solution.

4. Secondary Costs

Activated sludge treatment comes with its own various challenges, one of the major challenge being the resources required. Plants that treat activated sludge are not only costly to build but also costly to maintain. Primary and Secondary processes of sludge treatment requires vast tracts of land for large and costly settling tanks and aeration basins. To solve this issue, Advanced technologies using smaller process basins by increasing the amount of biomass per unit volume can be used.

These are just a few challenges in maintaining Sewage Treatment Plants. For any queries about STPs and how to manage them effectively, contact us on +(91)-8130999055 /+(91)-9810858062 or visit our website http://www.sanicon.in/