Well the water that is leaked and flows down the drain does not actually vanishes from the water cycle. This water returns to the water table and needed to the treated again for use. We can say that the leakage is the biggest reason for the loss and yet not subjected to any law except for regulations from local authorities like RWA. The leakage for tap water or water from public taps not only leads to water wastage but also loss to cost incurred in abstraction, treatment, transportation. Not only this, the loss incurred due to broken pipes, leaking faucets and even the causes of water contamination also increases as this water has higher chances of getting contaminated by bacteria and virus. If it is collected in potholes then may lead to water borne diseases and poor sanitation and may lead to health hazards.
Let us check what all steps are carried to make the water drinkable that is wasted through leaks
· Screening: This is done to remove bigger debris in water like leaves, twigs, etc.
· Sedimentation: this is done to remove the mud and other undissolved impurities.
· Filtration: To remove further fine particles from the water
· Disinfection: various chemicals like chlorine, fluoride is added to the water to kill the germs and make it drinkable
· PH leveling: To balance the PH level of the water lime or other chemical is added to water to make it neutral or less acidic and less corrosive to the metal pipes which carry it to various places
Going further, let us go through some quick facts on water leaks at homes
· Common types of leaks at homes are due to worn toilet flappers, dripping faucets, and other leaking valves and showerheads. In most cases these are replaceable and do not require huge investments if corrected before major damages.
· Faucets: a single drip per second may lead to 60 drips in a minute and may lead to 3600 drips an hour and 86400 drips a day. If we say that 20,000 drips makes 1 liter then 4.32 liters of water is wasted in a day from a single tap
· If we speak about shower heads then at 10 drips per minutes will lead to 600 drips in an hour and 14400 drips in a day. Then as per the above calculation it can lead to 14400/20,000=0.72 liters of water wastage in a day.
· The faulty toilets will have a very high quantity of water wastage which will be quite difficult to calculate in terms of drips.
No matter you see a negligible drips of water wasted from your tap, just refer to the amount it will waste the water that can be used. Try to get it fixed to save the planet and lend a step ahead in saving from the situation of water crisis.