A green building or self sustainable building is not only the one that may have lots of green parks or lush green gardens. They are the buildings that are self sufficient in terms of water ,in terms of energy efficiency and which do not eliminate lots of waste while having the environment friendly options. The following components could be a great help in making the building green and energy efficient:
- Environment friendly construction material and site management
A green or sustainable building needs to be taken a green step right from its inception phase. The use of industrial material and recycled construction material could be best the suitable options for constructing the green building. The natural habitat of the site is maintained and the valuable land is exploited to the minimum.
- Water management
Water is precious and its demand is never going to decrease. For a green building it is important to understand the criticality of the situation and take a step in its conservation and reutilization. The flow of water in a green building is designed in such a way that the dependency on fresh water from corporation is minimum and on the same hand the outflow of water is negligible. The fresh water is collected from rain and used further.The used water in the form of greywater and blackwater is treated on site for reuse. This process closes the loop of water flow within the building.
- Use of energy
The green building is designed to fulfil its need of energy within itself by using environment friendly products and manage the energy efficiently. Here given below are some of the products that can be classified separately:
The solar panels generate power for the building for its running electrical equipments. These panels harness the solar energy can be use at buildings. The solar water heaters are used to get running hot water without burden on electricity bills. Similar to solar panels these also use solar energy to heat up the water for use in the building. Solar lights for lightening the building. With proper planning one can use these lights for indoor as well as for outdoor portion of the building.The solar products can also be used to maintain the temperature of the buildings. These products run on solar energy thus reduces the load on the electricity supply and minimises the utility bills.
Use of daylight
The buildings are designed in such a way that they use the daylight to its maximum to avoid power consumption on lightening the building to minimum.
Energy star products
The electronic equipment used in the building are labelled with energy star for saving on electricity.
- Good air quality in the building
The green buildings are designed in such a way that the proper air ventilation keeps the bad, smoky and stale air out of the building and a regular flow of fresh air keeps circulating in the building. The environment friendly equipments are installed in the building to ensure that harmful gases do not occupy the building and impacts the residents.
- Waste management
The waste is an integral part of the building. For a green building the waste discharged from the building should be treated within the building for further use or its disposal in an environment friendly way. The waste of construction, deconstruction, and day today waste should be reduced, reused, recycled
The future of green building is really green .As these buildings stand a class apart of the regular buildings and are of great values to the owner.These buildings not only keeps the utility bills at minimum but are so environment friendly that it helps to save our mother land earth.